WASHINGTON D.C. (AP) - Advancing his anti-abortion agenda, President Donald Trump on Thursday moved to protect health care workers who object to procedures like abortion on moral or religious grounds.
Trump chose the National Day of Prayer to announce the new regulation.
"Just today we finalized new protections of conscience rights for physicians, pharmacists, nurses, teachers, students and faith-based charities," Trump told an interfaith audience in the White House Rose Garden. "They've been wanting to do that for a long time."
The conscience rule was a priority for religious conservatives who are a key part of Trump's political base, but some critics fear it will become a pretext for denying medical attention to LGBT people or women seeking abortions, a legal medical procedure.
"Religious liberty is a fundamental right, but it doesn't include the right to discriminate or harm others. Denying patients health care is not religious liberty," Louise Melling, deputy legal director at the American Civil Liberties Union, said in a statement.
San Francisco immediately sued the Trump administration, saying the regulation will undermine access to care.
The complex rule runs more than 400 pages and requires hospitals, universities, clinics and other institutions that receive funding from federal programs such as Medicare and Medicaid to certify that they comply with some 25 federal laws protecting conscience and religious rights.
Most of these laws and provisions address medical procedures such as abortion, sterilization and assisted suicide. The ultimate penalty can be loss of federal funding for violations of conscience or religious rights, but most cases are settled by making changes in practices and procedures.
The rule makes no new law and doesn't go beyond statutes passed under administrations of both political parties, said Roger Severino, head of the office that will enforce it at the Department of Health and Human Services.
Rather, the regulation will guarantee that religious and conscience protections already on the books can't be ignored.
"We are giving these laws life with this regulation," said Severino, saying it's no different from civil rights statutes enforced in daily life through government regulation and oversight. "It makes sure Congress' protections are not merely empty words on paper."
Under the rule, clinicians and institutions would not have to provide, participate in, pay for, cover or make referrals for procedures they object to on moral or religious grounds.
This will make it "so that people do not have to shed their religious beliefs to participate in health care," said Severino, adding that "certain medical professions such as OB-GYN should not be declared pro-life-free zones."
The rule also addresses conscience protections involving so-called advance directives that detail a patient's wishes for care at the end of life.
Asserting that previous administrations have not done enough to protect conscience rights in the medical field, HHS under Trump created a new division to investigate such complaints within its Office for Civil Rights, which Severino heads.
HHS said last year the office received more than 1,300 complaints alleging discrimination in a health care setting on account of religious beliefs or conscience issues. There was only a trickle of such complaints previously, officials said, about one per year for alleged conscience violations.
The National Women's Law Center, which advocates for abortion rights, said in a statement that the regulation will allow "anyone from a doctor to a receptionist to entities like hospitals and pharmacies to deny a patient critical -- and sometimes lifesaving -- care."
Among religious conservatives, Family Research Council head Tony Perkins called the regulation an answer to prayer.
"Protecting the right of all health care providers to make professional judgments based on moral convictions and ethical standards ... is necessary to ensure that access to health care is not diminished, which would occur if they were forced out of their jobs because of their ethical stances," his statement added.
The rule takes effect 60 days after publication in the Federal Register.
This story was reported by the Associate Press.