Arizona expects doses of COVID-19 vaccine by end of 2020 if authorized

Arizona expects to get enough doses of new coronavirus vaccines by the end of the year to inoculate more than 383,000 health care workers and long-term care facility residents, the state’s health director said Friday.

Health Services Department Director Dr. Cara Christ said the federal government has allocated those doses of vaccines made by Pfizer and Moderna if the U.S. Food and Drug Administration gives the new vaccines emergency use authorization.

Both vaccines were shown to be more than 90% effective but they require a second dose within a month, and Christ said the federal government will hold back that second dose for later delivery.

The state is following federal guidelines and prioritizing health care workers and residents of long-term care facilities such as nursing homes for the first available doses. Once those groups receive the vaccine, additional doses will be allocated to other groups according to their slot on the priority list.

Next in line are teachers and other essential workers, followed by older Arizonans or people otherwise at higher risk of serious cases of COVID-19. It will be months before all Arizonans who want to get a vaccine will be able to sign up to receive one. The state has about 7.3 million residents.

“We anticipate hundreds of millions of doses (nationally) by like March or April, and that’s when we feel that it will finally be open to where we’d be able to get to the general population,” Christ said.

The vaccine’s expected rollout in mid-December comes after the state has seen nearly 7,000 Arizonans die from the virus since March.

Christ’s department on Friday reported more than 5,000 new known COVID-19 cases for the second straight day. The numbers come as the state deals with a surge of virus cases that has led to a growing number of hospitalizations. The number of available intensive care unit beds is now below 10% statewide.

Health Services reported 5,680 additional known cases and aother 64 deaths, increasing the state’s totals to 352,101 cases and 6,885 deaths.

Arizona on Thursday had reported 5,442 cases, which for 24 hours was the highest number of deaths reported in one day during the pandemic except for the record 10,322 cases reported Tuesday, which officials say was inflated by holiday weekend reporting delays.

Arizona’s cases, deaths and hospitalizations were steadily rising before Thanksgiving, when health officials said gatherings and travel were expected to further spread the virus.

The state’s coronavirus dashboard said only 9% of ICU beds were available Thursday as the share of ICU beds used by COVID-19 patients reached 38%.

Hospital officials have said the outbreak will exceed hospital capacity this month.

Christ said the arrival of a vaccine that appears to be more than 90% effective is a big development, but she said residents need to continue to take precautions such as avoiding large crowds, wearing masks in public and social distancing.

“A vaccine is a light at the end of the tunnel, but we have a long way to go before there’s enough vaccine for everybody who wants one,” Christ said.

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COVID-19 symptoms

Symptoms for coronavirus COVID-19 include fever, coughing, and shortness of breath. These, of course, are similar to the common cold and flu. 

Expect a common cold to start out with a sore or scratchy throat, cough, runny and/or stuffy nose. Flu symptoms are more intense and usually come on suddenly, and can include a high fever. 

Symptoms of COVID-19 may appear more slowly. They usually include fever, a dry cough and noticeable shortness of breath, according to the World Health Organization. A minority of cases develop pneumonia, and the disease is especially worrisome for the elderly and those with other medical problems such as high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes or heart conditions.

RELATED: Is it the flu, a cold or COVID-19? Different viruses present similar symptoms

COVID-19 resources

CDC Website for COVID-19 (In Spanish/En Español)

AZDHS Website for COVID-19 (In Spanish/En Español)